When an article is published in this journal, the Journal retains the copyright. Author(s) may republish the article as part of a book or other materials. A copyright statement is displayed on the full-text PDF of each article.
All opinions and reports within the articles that are published in the Worldwide Journal of research are the personal opinions of the author(s). Worldwide Journal of research, Editors, and the publisher do not accept any responsibility for these articles.
This policy describes guidelines in the publication process of our journals. Specifically, Journal Issues adopts and strives to adhere to the following standards and requirements: COPE – Committee on Publication Ethics.
An author is an individual who has significantly contributed to the development of a manuscript. The WJR recommends that authorship be based on the following four criteria:
- Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; and
b. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content, and
c. Final approval of the version to be published; and
d. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Individuals who participated in the development of a manuscript but do not qualify as an author should be acknowledged. Organizations that provided support in terms of funding and/or other resources should also be acknowledged.
Changes in authorship
Whenever there is a need to make changes in the authorship of a manuscript or a published article, the changes will be implemented according to COPE specification. Only corresponding authors can make a request for a change in authorship. The request should be made to the editor using the Changes in Authorship Form or via e-mail from the corresponding author's email address.
Submission of Manuscript
Authors should read the “Authors Guidelines” on the journal’s page before making a submission. The manuscript should be prepared according to the style and specifications of the journal’s policy. The authors listed on the manuscript should have met the requirements for Authorship specified above. Where possible, specify the contribution of each of the authors.
All authors should approve the final version of the manuscript prior to submission. Once a manuscript is submitted, it is therefore assumed that all authors have read and given their approval for the submission of the manuscript. Contact information of all authors should be stated in the manuscript. Surname/Other names, affiliation, emails, and phone/fax numbers.
Declaration of Conflicts of Interest should be stated in the manuscript.
Conflict of interest
“Conflict of interest (COI) exists when there is a divergence between an individual’s private interests (competing interests) and his or her responsibilities to scientific and publishing activities such that a reasonable observer might wonder if the individual’s behavior or judgment was motivated by considerations of his or her competing interests” WAME4.
The authors should disclose all financial/relevant interests that may have influenced the development of the manuscript.
The Relationship between Gender and Online Shopping
Corresponding Author(s) : Madiha Kamal
WORLDWIDE JOURNAL OF RESEARCH,
Vol. 1 No. 4 (2020): Volume 1 Number 4
The advent of the internet since 1970 has had a global impact on businesses and customer behavior. The present study aims at identifying gender differences amongst youngsters of Pakistan, in particular between the age group of 13-30. An internet survey form was distributed among 101 people to discover various patterns of preference, choice, and behavior of people with several implications and usefulness of the findings to online businesses, marketers as well as consumers. The results showed that females are more inclined to shop online. The reasons for preferring to shop online also differed between the two genders; females were more attracted to the sales and discounts while males chose online shopping due to ease of access.
 Akhlaq, A., & Ahmed, E. (2016). GENDER DIFFERENCES AMONG ONLINE SHOPPING FACTORS IN PAKISTAN. Organizations & Markets in Emerging Economies, 7(1).
 Anand, V. (2016). A study on gender and behavior differences influencing on online buying in India. Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences, 10(17), 196-203.
 Aziz, N. N. A., & Wahid, N. A. (2017). Understanding customer behaviour towards online shopping. In 2nd Business Management and Computing Research Colloquium (pp. 164-168).
 Chaudary, S., Rehman, M. A., & Nisar, S. (2014). Factors influencing the acceptance of online shopping in pakistan.
 Huang, J. H., & Yang, Y. C. (2010). The relationship between personality traits and online shopping motivations. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 38(5), 673-679.
 Naz, A. (2018, February 19). E-commerce: Where does Pakistan stand? Retrieved from https://profit.pakistantoday.com.pk/2018/02/19/e-commerce-where-does-pakistan-stand
 Negahdari, Amirnima. (2014). A study on gender differences influencing on online buying. management science letters. Vol4.
 Schimmel, K., & Nicholls, J. (2003). Gender differences and e-commerce behavior and perceptions. Journal of Internet Banking and Commerce, 8(1), 0306-01.
 Wang, L., & Wang, X. (2017). Gender Differences in Online Purchasing Behavior. Available at SSRN 3056732.