Article Copyright

When an article is published in this journal, the Journal retains the copyright. Author(s) may republish the article as part of a book or other materials. A copyright statement is displayed on the full-text PDF of each article.

All opinions and reports within the articles that are published in the Worldwide Journal of research are the personal opinions of the author(s). Worldwide Journal of research, Editors, and the publisher do not accept any responsibility for these articles.

Editorial Policy

This policy describes guidelines in the publication process of our journals. Specifically, Journal Issues adopts and strives to adhere to the following standards and requirements: COPE – Committee on Publication Ethics.


An author is an individual who has significantly contributed to the development of a manuscript. The WJR recommends that authorship be based on the following four criteria:

  1. Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; and
    b. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content, and
    c. Final approval of the version to be published; and
    d. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.


Individuals who participated in the development of a manuscript but do not qualify as an author should be acknowledged. Organizations that provided support in terms of funding and/or other resources should also be acknowledged.

Changes in authorship

Whenever there is a need to make changes in the authorship of a manuscript or a published article, the changes will be implemented according to COPE specification. Only corresponding authors can make a request for a change in authorship. The request should be made to the editor using the Changes in Authorship Form or via e-mail from the corresponding author's email address.

Submission of Manuscript

Authors should read the “Authors Guidelines” on the journal’s page before making a submission. The manuscript should be prepared according to the style and specifications of the journal’s policy. The authors listed on the manuscript should have met the requirements for Authorship specified above. Where possible, specify the contribution of each of the authors.

All authors should approve the final version of the manuscript prior to submission. Once a manuscript is submitted, it is therefore assumed that all authors have read and given their approval for the submission of the manuscript. Contact information of all authors should be stated in the manuscript. Surname/Other names, affiliation, emails, and phone/fax numbers.

Declaration of Conflicts of Interest should be stated in the manuscript.

Conflict of interest

“Conflict of interest (COI) exists when there is a divergence between an individual’s private interests (competing interests) and his or her responsibilities to scientific and publishing activities such that a reasonable observer might wonder if the individual’s behavior or judgment was motivated by considerations of his or her competing interests” WAME4.

The authors should disclose all financial/relevant interests that may have influenced the development of the manuscript.